The only book Hardy authored that was not an edited collection, A Frame for Defenestration, builds on the work of his predecessors to develop a “Paleo-Pragmatist” position—and also departs from them significantly. The main idea that grounds all of Hardy’s thought is something he refers to as the “Universal Pneumatic Conflagration.” It is not a notion related to anything which serious scholars today investigate, and seems to be a modification of the old Greco-Roman idea that the world goes through cycles of destruction and rebirth. Probably he took it from Airistotle, who in The Paraeneticus expresses belief in such a process. A curious theory to say the least, Hardy uses it as a lens to interpret the philosophers he edits. For this reason some scholars are of the opinion that he has not accurately represented their work.
    The sections below are all taken from
The Ignoramian Philosophers. Though none of the respective thinkers were specialists they are now entirely remembered for their contributions to certain fields, since their writings on other matters have not survived. Hardy himself introduces each section and its passages to place them in their proper context.


The most original academic philosophers that Ignoramia produced are only now being rediscovered. Horton Hardy, the foremost scholar on this group, has taken pains to preserve their ideas and spread their fame. In referring to them as an intellectual movement he proudly adopted the label given to them by Elektra Empter, apparently not realizing that she was using "Truth-for-Profit Philosophy" as a term of opprobrium. The works of these thinkers being out of print, Hardy acquired what few copies still existed and began writing commentaries on them. Unfortunately, in the process of writing these commentaries the original books met with improbable accidents of various kinds and were destroyed. Their words now survive solely through secondhand fragments in Hardy’s anthology, The Ignoramian Philosophers.



The Descendentalist

​Those fall farthest who first fall up